Causal and mediating factors for anxiety, depression and well-being

Peter Kinderman, Sara Tai, Eleanor Pontin, Matthias Schwannauer, Ian Jarman, Paulo Lisboa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background 

The relationship between well-being and mental ill health is complex; people may experience very low levels of well-being even in the absence of overt mental health problems. 

Aims 

This study tested the hypothesis that anxiety, depression and well-being have different causal determinants and psychological mediating mechanisms. 

Method 

The influence of causal and mediating factors on anxiety, depression and well-being were investigated in a cross-sectional online questionnaire survey hosted on a UK national broadcasting website. 

Results 

Multivariate conditional independence analysis of data from 27 397 participants revealed different association pathways for the two constructs. Anxiety and depression were associated with negative life events mediated by rumination; low levels of subjective well-being were associated with material deprivation and social isolation, mediated by adaptive coping style. 

Conclusions 

Our findings support the 'two continua' model of the relationship between psychological well-being and mental health problems, with implications for both treatment and prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-460
Number of pages5
JournalThe British Journal of Psychiatry
Volume206
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • adolescent
  • adult
  • aged
  • aged, 80 and over
  • anxiety disorders
  • depressive Disorder
  • female
  • humans
  • interpersonal relations
  • life change events
  • male
  • middle aged
  • surveys and questionnaires
  • thinking
  • United Kingdom
  • young adult

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Causal and mediating factors for anxiety, depression and well-being'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this