Causal learning across culture and socioeconomic status

Adrienne Wente, Katherine Kimura, Caren M. Walker, Nirajana Banerjee, Maria Fernandez Flecha, Bridget MacDonald, Christopher Lucas, Alison Gopnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Extensive research has explored the ability of young children to learn about the causal structure of the world from patterns of evidence. These studies, however, have been conducted with middle-class samples from North America and Europe. In the present study, low-income Peruvian 4- and 5-year-olds and adults, low-income U.S. 4- and 5-year-olds in Head Start programs, and middle-class children from the U.S. participated in a causal learning task (N = 435). Consistent with previous studies, children learned both specific causal relations and more abstract causal principles across culture and socioeconomic status (SES). The Peruvian children and adults generally performed like middle-class U.S. children and adults, but the low-SES U.S. children showed some differences.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalChild Development
Early online date23 Aug 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Aug 2017


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