Aims It is widely held that tolerance develops to the effects of sustained caffeine consumption. This study was designed to investigate the effects of chronic, staggered caffeine ingestion on the responses of an acute caffeine challenge, during euglycaemia.
Methods Twelve healthy volunteers were randomized using a double-blind, crossover design to take either 200 mg caffeine (C-replete) or placebo (C-naive) twice daily for 1 week. Following baseline measurements being made, the responses to 200 mg caffeine (blood-pressure, middle cerebral artery velocity, mood and cognitive performance) were examined over the subsequent 120 min. Blood glucose was not allowed to fall below 4.0 mmol l(-1).
Results After the caffeine challenge, middle cerebral artery blood velocity decreased in both conditions but was greater in the C-naive condition (-8.0 [-10.0, -6.1] cm s(-1) vs -4.9 [-6.8, -2.9] cm s(-1) C-replete, P < 0.02). Systolic blood pressure rise was not significantly different in C-naive, although this rise was more sustained over time (P < 0.04). Mood was adversely affected by regular caffeine consumption with tense aspect of mood significantly higher at baseline in C-replete 11.6 +/- 0.6 C-naive vs 16.3 +/- 1.6 C-replete, P < 0.01). Cognitive performance was not affected by previous caffeine exposure.
Conclusions Overall these results suggest that tolerance is incomplete with respect to both peripheral or central effects of caffeine.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2002|
- PSYCHOMOTOR PERFORMANCE
- COFFEE DRINKERS