CFHTLenS: the environmental dependence of galaxy halo masses from weak lensing

Catherine Heymans, Thomas D. Kitching

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We use weak gravitational lensing to analyse the dark matter haloes around satellite galaxies in galaxy groups in the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Lensing Survey (CFHTLenS) data set. This data set is derived from the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey Wide survey, and encompasses 154 deg(2) of high-quality shape data. Using the photometric redshifts, we divide the sample of lens galaxies with stellar masses in the range 10(9)-10(10.5) M-circle dot into those likely to lie in high-density environments (HDE) and those likely to lie in low-density environments (LDE). Through comparison with galaxy catalogues extracted from the Millennium Simulation, we show that the sample of HDE galaxies should primarily (similar to 61 per cent) consist of satellite galaxies in groups, while the sample of LDE galaxies should consist of mostly (similar to 87 per cent) non-satellite (field and central) galaxies. Comparing the lensing signals around samples of HDE and LDE galaxies matched in stellar mass, the lensing signal around HDE galaxies clearly shows a positive contribution from their host groups on their lensing signals at radii of similar to 500-1000 kpc, the typical separation between satellites and group centres. More importantly, the subhaloes of HDE galaxies are less massive than those around LDE galaxies by a factor of 0.65 +/- 0.12, significant at the 2.9s level. A natural explanation is that the haloes of satellite galaxies are stripped through tidal effects in the group environment. Our results are consistent with a typical tidal truncation radius of similar to 40 kpc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1439-1452
Number of pages14
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume431
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • gravitational lensing: weak
  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: groups: general
  • DARK-MATTER HALOS
  • DIGITAL SKY SURVEY
  • PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFTS
  • RADIAL-DISTRIBUTION
  • CLUSTER GALAXIES
  • DENSITY PROFILES
  • GALACTIC HALOES
  • COSMOS SURVEY
  • STELLAR MASS
  • EVOLUTION

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