Changes in the relationship between ENSO and the East Asian winter monsoon under global warming

Zixuan Jia, Massimo A. Bollasina, Chaofan Li, Ruth Doherty, Oliver Wild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Changes in the relationship between El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) at various global warming levels during the 21st century are examined using the Max Planck Institute Grand Ensemble (MPI-GE) RCP8.5 experiments. The externally-forced component of this relationship (i.e., forced by greenhouse gases and anthropogenic aerosols emissions) strengthens from present-day to +1.5°C, and then weakens until +3°C. These changes are characterized by variations in strength and location of the core of El Niño-related warming and associated deep convection anomalies over the equatorial Pacific leading to circulation anomalies across the Asian-Pacific region. Under global warming, the ENSO-EAWM relationship is strongly related to the background mean state of both the EAWM and ENSO, through changes in the EAWM strength and the shift of the ENSO pattern. Anthropogenic aerosols play a key role in influencing the ENSO-EAWM relationship under moderate warming (up to 1.5°C).
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Early online date13 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Nov 2020

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