Characterisation of major and minor Dermatophagoides allergens in canine atopic dermatitis

T J Nuttall, J R Lamb, P B Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Atopic dermatitis is a well-recognised chronic inflammatory skin disease of humans and dogs. Most atopic dogs are sensitised to Dermatophagoides mites. The aim of this study was to characterise allergens in different Dermatophagoides species using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies to canine IgE. Western blots were prepared from crude extracts of D farinae, D pteronyssinus and D microceras, and purified group 1 and 2 allergens under reducing and non-reducing conditions. They were probed with sera from atopic (n = 33) and healthy (n = 27) dogs. There was no significant difference in the sensitivity or specificity between the polyclonal and monoclonal sera in detecting Dermatophagoides -specific IgE. Major allergens common to both D farinae and D pteronyssinus were detected at 97-98 kDa, 103-104 kDa and 134-139 kDa on both reducing and non-reducing blots. Major allergens at 84-85 kDa, 65-69 kDa and 44-45 kDa were only recognised on reducing blots, suggesting that these are fragments of the larger allergens. Only a few sera recognised group 1 or 2 allergens on blots of crude extracts or purified allergens. These results confirm that, in atopic dogs, high molecular weight allergens are the most important Dermatophagoides allergens, rather than the low molecular weight group 1 and 2 proteins.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-7
Number of pages7
JournalResearch in Veterinary Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2001


  • Animals
  • Antibodies
  • Antigens, Dermatophagoides
  • Blotting, Western
  • Dermatitis, Atopic
  • Dog Diseases
  • Dogs
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Glycoproteins
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Mites
  • Molecular Weight
  • Skin Tests


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