Characterisation of the growth and differentiation in vivo and in vitro-of bloodstream-form Trypanosoma brucei strain TREU 927

F J van Deursen, S K Shahi, C M Turner, C Hartmann, C Guerra-Giraldez, K R Matthews, C E Clayton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Trypanosoma brucei TREU 927/4 has been chosen as the reference strain targeted for complete sequencing of the genome of the African trypanosome. This line is pleomorphic in mammalian hosts and is fly transmissible; however it is relatively unstable with respect to variable surface glycoprotein (VSG) expression. Therefore, we subjected TREU 927/4 to 27 rapid syringe passages through mice, and derived a cloned line which expressed Glasgow University Trypanozoon antigen type (GUTat) 10.1 with relative stability. This line also retained pleomorphism in the bloodstream, being able to generate homogeneous populations of stumpy forms in mice. Furthermore, these parasites remain able to transform to procyclic forms synchronously in vitro and can complete their life cycle in tsetse flies. The passaged cell line was also adapted to in vitro bloodstream-form culture and transfected with a construct encoding the tetracycline repressor (TETR) protein. The resulting TETR subline no longer expressed the GUTat 10.1 VSG but remained able to generate uniform populations of stumpy form cells in mice immunocompromised with cyclophosphamide. They could also differentiate to procyclic forms synchronously in vitro. The generated lines and analyses of their growth and differentiation will provide a basic resource for the analysis and interpretation of gene function in the T. brucei genome reference strain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-71
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Volume112
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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