Abstract / Description of output
The forming behaviour of a unidirectional non-crimp fabric (UD-NCF) consisting of polyamide stitches with a tricot-chain stitching pattern is explored. Notably, there are no stabilising tows orientated transverse to the main tow direction in this fabric, a common feature in many ‘quasi’ UD-NCFs, this allows extension of the stitch in the transverse direction under certain loading conditions. The lack of stabilising tows introduces a possible low-energy deformation mode to the UD-NCF, which is absent in biaxial fabrics and to a large extent in ‘quasi’ UD-NCFs. The in-plane shear behaviour is initially investigated using both standard ‘tightly-clamped’ picture frame tests and uniaxial bias extension tests. Preliminary results show a dramatic difference in results produced by the two test methods. During the picture frame test, fibres can be subjected to unintended tension due to sample misalignment in the picture frame rig. To mitigate error arising from this effect, the picture frame test procedure is modified in two different ways: by using an intentional pre-displacement of the picture frame rig, and by changing the clamping condition of test specimen. Results show that the modified picture frame test data contain less error than the standard ‘tightly-clamped’ test but also that the shear stiffness of the UD-NCF is notably lower when measured in the bias extension test compared to the picture frame test, mainly due to the difference in loading conditions imposed during the two tests.
Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)
- Unidirectional stitched glass fabric
- In-plane shear
- Picture Frame test
- Tow misalignment
- Rigid clamping