Characterization of a QTL affecting skeletal size in mice

Julian K Christians, Victoria K Bingham, Fiona K Oliver, Thomas T Heath, Peter D Keightley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous work identified a tail length QTL on Chromosome (Chr) 1 in an F(2) population of C57BL/6J x DBA/2J mice. The goals of the present study were to (1) refine the position of this QTL by additional genotyping of samples from the original study; (2) confirm the effect of this QTL by producing a partially congenic strain carrying the C57BL/6J allele against the DBA/2J background; and (3) examine the effect of the QTL on skeletal dimensions. The presence of the QTL was confirmed in a new F(2) population (N = 431) derived from the partially congenic strain, and estimates of its additive effects were similar to those from the original F(2) population (N = 901) in both sexes, i.e., the C57BL/6J chromosomal segment increased tail length, the additive effect (half the difference between homozygotes) being 0.5-0.8 standard deviations. The QTL region was more than halved, relative to that in the previous study, to an 8-cM region between D1Mit30 and D1Mit57. Among a subsample of individuals (N = 30) from the new F(2) population that were not recombinant within the QTL region, there was a significant additive effect of the QTL on the length of the humerus, femur, tibia, mandible, scapula, pelvic girdle, and a tail bone; the direction of the effect was the same as for tail length. No significant effect was found on the number of bones in the tail or on the dimensions of the ulna, skull, or first vertebra.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-83
Number of pages9
JournalMammalian Genome
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2003

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Body Constitution
  • Bone and Bones
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Mice
  • Quantitative Trait Loci
  • Tail

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