Characterization of a subset of bovine T lymphocytes that express BoT4 by monoclonal antibodies and function: similarity to lymphocytes defined by human T4 and murine L3T4

C L Baldwin, A.J. Teale, J G Naessens, B M Goddeeris, N D MacHugh, Ivan Morrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report the identification of a subset of bovine T cells by two monoclonal antibodies (mAb), IL-A11 and IL-A12, and some functional analyses of these cells. Both mAb precipitate two polypeptides, called BoT4, with apparent molecular mass of 52 and 55 kilodaltons. The epitopes recognized by these two mAb are different, however. BoT4 is found on approximately 70% of thymocytes and 30% of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBM), is not expressed by monocytes or B cells, and is found on cells in the T-dependent areas of lymph nodes. BoT4+ lymphocytes purified by a fluorescence-activated cell sorter proliferate in response to mitogenic and alloantigenic stimulation without addition of exogenous growth factors, whereas BoT4- lymphocytes do not. Monoclonal antibodies IL-A11 and IL-A12 have no effect on mitogen- (PHA and Con A) or alloantigen-induced proliferation of PBM. Monoclonal antibody IL-A12 has no inhibitory effect on the cytolytic activity of bulk populations of alloreactive T lymphocytes, and most of the cytolytic activity generated in mixed leukocyte culture is ascribable to the BoT4- population. Using cloned alloantigen-specific lymphocytes, we found that the ability of BoT4+ clones to proliferate to alloantigenic stimuli without exogenous growth factors is a characteristic of some clones, as is susceptibility to inhibition of proliferation by mAb IL-A12. These results implicate the BoT4 molecule in antigen recognition but indicate that the requirement for BoT4 is variable among clones. Our findings, together with those in the companion paper, which provides evidence that BoT4+ lymphocytes are class II restricted, indicate that BoT4+ lymphocytes are the bovine equivalent of Leu3/T4+ lymphocytes of humans and analogous lymphocytes of other species.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4385-91
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 1986


  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal/analysis
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal/diagnostic use
  • Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte
  • Antigens, Surface/analysis
  • Antigens, Surface/immunology
  • Binding Sites, Antibody
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Cattle
  • Concanavalin A/pharmacology
  • Cytotoxicity, Immunologic
  • Epitopes/immunology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hybridomas/immunology
  • Interleukin-2/physiology
  • Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed
  • Lymphoid Tissue/immunology
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Phytohemagglutinins/pharmacology
  • Precipitin Tests
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/classification
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunology


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