Characterization of canine adipose and endometrium-derived Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells and their response to lipopolysaccharide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) are used for regenerative therapy in companion animals. Their potential was initially attributed to multipotency, but subsequent studies in rodents, humans and veterinary species evidenced that MSCs produce factors that are key mediators of immune, anti-infective and angiogenic responses, which are essential in tissue repair. MSCs preparations have been classically obtained from bone marrow and adipose tissue (AT) in live animals, what requires the use of surgical procedures. In contrast, the uterus, which is naturally exposed to external insult and infection, can be accessed nonsurgically to obtain samples, or tissues can be taken after neutering. In this study, we explored the endometrium (EM) as an alternative source of MSCs, which we compared with AT obtained from canine paired samples. Canine AT- and EM-MSCs, formed CFUs when seeded at low density, underwent tri-lineage differentiation into adipocytes, osteocytes and chondrocytes, and expressed the CD markers CD73, CD90 and CD105, at equivalent levels. The immune genes IL8, CCL2 and CCL5 were equally expressed at basal levels by both cell types. However, in the presence of the inflammatory stimulus lipopolysaccharide (LPS), expression of IL8 was higher in EM- than in AT-MSCs ( p  < 0.04) while the other genes were equally elevated in both cell types ( p  < 0.03). This contrasted with the results for CD markers, where the expression was unaltered by exposing the MSCs to LPS. Overall, the results indicate that canine EM-MSCs could serve as an alternative cell source to AT-MSCs in therapeutic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1180760
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume10
Early online date19 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 May 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • MSC
  • veterinary MSC
  • dog
  • canine
  • regenerative
  • repair
  • differentiation
  • LPS

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