Characterization of Late Chalcolithic Micro-Beads From Çamlibel Tarlasi, North-Central Anatolia

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Abstract

Micro-bead manufacture is geographically widespread from the fifth millennium BC. Previous studies of comparable micro-beads from sites in the Indus Valley region and the Near Eastsuggest that many of these beads were formed from synthetic enstatite. Characterization of micro-beads from the Late Chalcolithic site of Çamlıbel Tarlası was carried out by optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and microanalysis with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The chemical composition of the micro-beads analysed indicated that they were made from three distinctive materials; namely, bulk talc (i.e., synthetic enstatite precursor), apatite and mineral-rich clay
pastes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14–32
Number of pages19
JournalArchaeometry
Volume55
Issue number1
Early online date12 Mar 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • ANATOLIA
  • CHALCOLITHIC
  • CLAY
  • MICRO-BEAD
  • ENSTATITE
  • SEM–EDS

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