Characterizing livestock markets, primary diseases and key management practices along the livestock supply chain in Cameroon

Paolo Motta, Thibaud Porphyre, Ian Handel, Saidou M. Hamman, Victor Ngu Ngwa, Kenton L Morgan, Vincent Tanya, Mark Bronsvoort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Live animal markets are common hotspots for the dispersal of multiple infectious diseases in various production systems globally.
In Cameroon livestock trade occurs predominantly
via a system of livestock markets. Improving the understanding of the risks associated with livestock trade systems and markets
is, therefore, key to design targeted and evidence-based interventions. In the current study, official transaction records for a
12-month period were collected from 62 livestock markets across Central and Southern Cameroon, in combination with a
questionnaire-based survey with the livestock markets stakeholders. The available information collected at these markets was
used to characterize their structural and functional organization. Based on trade volume, cattle price and the intensity of
stakeholder attendance, four main classes of livestock markets were identified. Despite an evident hierarchical structure of the
system, a relatively limited pool of infectious diseases was consistently reported as predominant across market classes,
highlighting homogeneous disease risks along the livestock supply chain. Conversely, the variable livestock management practices
reported (e.g. traded species, husbandry practices, and transhumance habits) highlighted diverse potential risks for disease dissemination among market classes. Making use of readily available commercial information at livestock markets, this study describes a rapid approach for market characterization and classification. Simultaneously, this study identifies primary diseases
and management practices at risk and provides the opportunity to inform evidence-based and strategic communication, surveillance and control approaches aiming at mitigating these risks for diseases dissemination through the livestock supply chain in Cameroon.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Livestock markets
  • Husbandry practices
  • Infectious diseases
  • Cameroon
  • Livestock trade

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