Chemical herding of weathered crude oils for in-situ burning

Ulises Rojas Alva, Bjørn Skjønning Andersen, Grunde Jomaas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mid-scale ISB experiments were conducted in a large water-basin (20 m2 × 1 m) in order to assess the applicability of chemical herding of weathered crude oil spills on water in association with in-situ burning (ISB). A silicone-based chemical herding agent, OP-40, was used to confine, or herd, three different crude oils (Siri, Grane and Oseberg blend) at various weathering degrees. The herding agent was capable of obtaining the minimum required oil slick thickness for ignition and subsequent flame spread in most of the experiments, but not for the strongly weathered oils. Also, the herding agent was capable of re-thickening the oil slick after flame extinction. The burning efficiency results indicate that the method can be viable for ISB with herders at a larger scale, and suggest that the burning efficiency scales with the amount of crude oil. Sinking behaviour of residues was also observed and quantified, as such a behaviour can pose a serious environmental threat in real
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume250
Early online date31 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2019

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