The 'Chemical Injury Surveillance for New Zealand, 2006' report summarises data and provides commentary on the burden of injury associated with chemical injuries for New Zealand during 2006. Mortality data are sourced from the Coronial Services Office; during 2006, 81 people died from a chemical related injury (data estimated to be 50-60% complete). The New Zealand Health Information Service provides the CISS with inpatient hospitalisation details; 8,061 people were hospitalised during 2006 with a chemical related injury. In addition, local hospital poisoning notifications (emergency department patients and inpatients) are voluntarily submitted from a number of hospitals representing the following DHBs; Auckland, Capital and Coast, Wairarapa, West Coast, and Southland. A range of chemical/poison related notifiable injures (chemical poisoning from the environment, decompression sickness, lead absorption and toxic shellfish poisoning) sourced from EpiSurv are included for the first time in the CISS report. Summarised National Poison Centre calls and spraydrift complaints are also included. The report concludes with a presentation of updated Coronial Service Office data on fatal chemical injury deaths for 2004 and 2005.