The 'Chemical Injury Surveillance for New Zealand, 2008' report summarises data and provides commentary on the burden of injury associated with chemical injuries for New Zealand during 2008. The New Zealand Health Information Service provides the CISS with inpatient hospitalisation details; 8,571 people were hospitalised during 2008 with a chemical related injury. In addition, local hospital poisoning notifications (emergency department patients and inpatients) are voluntarily submitted from a number of hospitals representing the following DHBs; Waitemata, Auckland, Capital and Coast, Wairarapa, West Coast, and Southland. National chemical/poison related notifiable diseases (hazardous substances injury, chemical poisoning from the environment, decompression sickness, lead absorption and toxic shellfish poisoning) sourced from EpiSurv are included in the CISS. Summarised National Poison Centre calls and spraydrift complaints are also presented. The 2008 Annual Report is the second year that national accident claim data from the Accident Compensation Corporation and national media analysis have been incorporated. The report concludes with a presentation of updated Coronial Service Office data on fatal chemical injury deaths for 2006 and 2007.