Child penalties across countries: Evidence and explanations

Henrik Kleven, Camille Landais, Johanna Posch, Andreas Steinhauer, Josef Zweimüller

Research output: Working paper


This paper provides evidence on child penalties in female and male earnings in different countries. The estimates are based on event studies around the birth of the first child, using the specification proposed by Kleven et al. (2018). The analysis reveals some striking similarities in the qualitative effects of children across countries, but also sharp differences in the magnitude of the effects. We discuss the potential role of family policies (parental leave and childcare provision) and gender norms in explaining the observed differences.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherNational Bureau of Economic Research
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2019


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  • Child penalties across countries: Evidence and explanations

    Kleven, H., Landais, C., Posch, J., Steinhauer, A. & Zweimüller, J., May 2019, AEA Papers and Proceedings. Pittsburgh, Vol. 109. p. 122-126 5 p. (AEA Papers and Proceedings).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Open Access

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