Child penalties across countries: Evidence and explanations

Henrik Kleven, Camille Landais, Johanna Posch, Andreas Steinhauer, Josef Zweimüller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This paper provides evidence on child penalties in female and male earnings in different countries. The estimates are based on event studies around the birth of the first child, using the specification proposed by Kleven et al. (2018). The analysis reveals some striking similarities in the qualitative effects of children across countries, but also sharp differences in the magnitude of the effects. We discuss the potential role of family policies (parental leave and childcare provision) and gender norms in explaining the observed differences.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAEA Papers and Proceedings
Place of PublicationPittsburgh
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Publication series

NameAEA Papers and Proceedings
ISSN (Print)2574-0768
ISSN (Electronic)2574-0776


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