Chiropractors and return-to-work: The experiences of three Canadian focus groups

Pierre Côté, Judith Clarke, Suzanne Deguire, John W. Frank, Annalee Yassi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To explore the views of chiropractors about timely return-to-work in treating patients with musculoskeletal injuries, to identify the approaches used by chiropractors when treating injured workers with musculoskeletal disorders, and to learn about chiropractors' perspectives on the barriers and facilitators of successful return-to-work. Design: Qualitative study of 3 focus groups of chiropractors. Methods: Focus groups of 8 to 11 chiropractors were conducted in 3 large Canadian cities. The selected participants were experienced in treating patients with occupational musculoskeletal injuries. Standard questions were used to collect data. The data from each focus group were coded and analyzed separately and then considered in relation to each other. Results: The participants indicated that timely return-to-work depends on patients' characteristics, severity of injury, clinical progress, the availability of work accommodation, and clinical judgment. The chiropractors commented that their treatment of injured workers rests on their strength in diagnosis and treatment and on providing patient-centered care. Positive human relations within workplaces and the ability to accommodate the work of an injured worker were described as important in return-to-work programs. The participants believed that a bias against chiropractic is present within the medical profession and workers' compensation boards. They viewed this bias as an important barrier when assisting their patients to successfully return to work. Conclusion: The broad approaches described by the participating chiropractors to return injured workers to work are consistent with those proposed in evidence-based practice guidelines. Better communication among chiropractors, medical doctors, and workers' compensation boards would likely decrease interprofessional tensions and improve the recovery of workers with musculoskeletal injuries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-316
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2001


  • Chiropractic
  • Focus groups
  • Insurance
  • Rehabilitation
  • Work


Dive into the research topics of 'Chiropractors and return-to-work: The experiences of three Canadian focus groups'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this