Circadian preference and physical and cognitive performance in adolescence: A scoping review

Vanessa F. Vidueira*, Josie N. Booth, David H Saunders, John Sproule, Anthony P. Turner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Adolescence is a crucial period of development which coincides with changes in circadian rhythmicity. This may augment the impact of circadian preference on performance in this group. We aimed to scope the literature available on chronotypes and their effect on physical and mental aspects of performance in adolescents. Methods: Studies were identified by systematically searching bibliographical databases and grey literature. Results: The Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire was the most frequently reported tool for circadian preference assessment. Academic achievement was the most prevailing outcome, with evidence suggesting that morning type adolescents tend to outperform evening types, yet the results vary depending on multiple factors. Performance in tests of intelligence and executive functions was generally better at optimal times of the day (synchrony effect). Physical performance was examined in 8 studies, with very heterogeneous outcomes. Conclusions: Although the associations between circadian preference and performance in adolescents are evident in some areas, there are many factors that may be involved in the relationship and require further investigation. This review highlights the assessment of physical performance in relation to chronotypes, the multidimensional assessment of circadian preference, and the need for longitudinal studies as priorities for further research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1296-1331
Number of pages36
JournalChronobiology International: The Journal of Biological and Medical Rhythm Research
Issue number9
Early online date9 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • circadian rhythm
  • circadian preference
  • chronotype
  • morningness-eveningness
  • performance
  • adolescence


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