Circadian rhythm in the rate of cellular proliferation and in the size of the functional compartment of mouse jejunal epithelium

A I Al-Nafussi, N A Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Circadian variation in the small bowel mucosa of male Balb/c mouse was studied. The labelling was studied at 2 hourly intervals throughout a 24 h period by using autoradiographic techniques with 3HTdR. A 12 h light-dark schedule was employed. Villus and crypt cell populations, together with the mitotic index, were studied using the micro-dissection technique. Growth fractions were determined from the labelling index distribution curves. The peaks in both villus and crypt cell population occurred during the day, with maximum villus population of 3,887 cells/villus at 13.00 h and maximum crypt population of 178 cells per crypt at 09.00 h. The peaks of labelling index (Is) and mitotic index (Im) occurred during the dark period. The peak value of Is 38% at 17.00 h-19.00 h, was about 6-8 h in advance of the peak value of Im (6%). The peak in growth fraction corresponded to that of the labelling index.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-9
Number of pages9
JournalVirchows Archiv B Cell Pathology Zell-Pathologie
Volume40
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1982

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Cell Division
  • Circadian Rhythm
  • Epithelial Cells
  • Intestinal Mucosa
  • Jejunum
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mitotic Index

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