The results of recent US Presidential elections and the UK Brexit referendum reveal a deeply polarised politics along a rural–urban axis, with “left” parties dominating in cities, and “right” parties dominating the countryside. This polarised populism marks a change in the context of nation building. In liberal democracies, routinised contestation over national values and identities constantly drives nation building. This chapter analyses a shift, around 1970, between a phase of “classic nation building” associated with the rise of the modern, centralised bureaucratic state, and one of “nation deconstructing” associated with recent neoliberalism and globalisation. The former attended to the rural–urban relationship in imagining the nation, while in the latter the urban has tended to eclipse the rural, weakening national integration.
|Title of host publication||Politics and Policies of Rural Authenticity|
|Editors||Pavel Pospěch, Eirik Magnus Fuglestad, Elisabete Figueiredo|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Sep 2021|
|Name||Perspectives on Rural Policy and Planning|