Civilising missions, natural history and British industry: Livingstone in the Zambezi

Lawrence Dritsas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

High hopes for opening new markets, locating natural resources and the 'advance of civilisation' were built into the plans for Victorian expeditions to Africa. When an expedition failed to deliver on these goals, criticisms of individual explorers and the entire 'civilising mission' project could result. The Zambesi Expedition, led by David Livingstone, received just such criticism when politics and geography obstructed the realisation of its aims. The needs of a growing industrial sector contributed to the organisation of the Expedition but also set the criteria by which its success or failure would be judged.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-54
Number of pages5
JournalEndeavour
Volume30
Issue number2
Early online date12 May 2006
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2006

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