Classification and Fire Safety of Informal Settlements in China

Yu Wang*, Ting Xia, Hongli Ruan, Chia Lung Wu, David Rush, Luke Bisby, Jinhua Sun

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Approximately 1 billion people in the world still live in informal settlements with comparatively low living standards and outdated firefighting equipment. In recent years, informal settlement fires have occurred frequently and globally, however, research into informal settlement fires in the Far East remains underdeveloped. This work briefly summarizes informal settlement types and discusses their fire safety characteristics in China. It is shown that informal settlements in China include non-compliant buildings, non-standard altered buildings, non-permanent buildings, and traditional ethnic minority buildings. More relevant research is needed to promote equity of fire safety outcomes for all.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2949-2959
Number of pages11
JournalFire Technology
Issue number6
Early online date16 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • China
  • Fire safety
  • Informal settlements


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