Clinical staging model in offspring of parents with bipolar disorder: A systematic review

Aigli Raouna, Cemre Su Osam, Angus Macbeth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective

We sought to systematically review the literature on the psychiatric risk of offspring of parents with bipolar disorder (OPBD) using a developmental psychopathology framework. The review also sought to establish the utility of clinical stage modelling as a framework for identifying precursor disorders to later onset of bipolar disorder (BD) in OPBD.
Methods

A systematic search was performed using EMBASE, PsychINFO and Medline. Reference lists of included studies and previous reviews were also searched. Studies were included if they reported diagnostic outcomes for child, adolescent and young adult offspring of parents diagnosed with BD.
Results

Twenty-six studies were identified representing 21 individual cohorts. The review identified that OBPD present as a high-risk group for a range of mood and non-mood disorders in childhood, adolescence and young adulthood. The trajectory of risk was from non-mood disorders in childhood via non-bipolar mood disorders in early adolescence towards mania/hypomania in late adolescence and early adulthood. From a clinical staging perspective, childhood anxiety disorders were associated with later onset of BD. Recurrent substance use disorder was identified as a risk in OPBD during late adolescence and early adulthood. Quality ratings indicated that studies were methodologically robust.
Conclusions

Our review provides evidence for a developmental psychopathology trajectory of precursor risks to BD in OPBD. There is support for clinical stage modelling as a conceptual framework for understanding developmental risk in OPBD and as a tool for developing early and individualized intervention strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalBipolar Disorders
Early online date15 Feb 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • bipolar disorder
  • high-risk offspring
  • developmental risk
  • clinical staging model

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