Single-stranded DNA-binding (SSB) proteins stabilize single-stranded DNA, which is exposed by separation of the duplex during DNA replication, recombination and repair. The SSB protein from the hyperthermophile Aquifex aeolicus has been overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified and characterized and crystals of the full-length protein (147 amino acids; M(r) 17 131.20) have been grown by vapour diffusion from ammonium sulfate pH 7.5 in both the absence and presence of ssDNA [dT(pT)(68)]. All crystals diffract to around 2.9 A resolution and those without bound DNA (native) belong to space group P2(1), with two tetramers in the asymmetric unit and unit-cell parameters a = 80.97, b = 73.40, c = 109.76 A, beta = 95.11 degrees . Crystals containing DNA have unit-cell parameters a = 108.65, b = 108.51, c = 113.24 A and could belong to three closely related space groups (I222, I2(1)2(1)2(1) or I4(1)) with one tetramer in the asymmetric unit. Electrospray mass spectrometry of the crystals confirmed that the protein was intact. Molecular replacement with a truncated E. coli SSB structure has revealed the position of the molecules in the unit cell and refinement of both native and DNA-bound forms is under way.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography|
|Issue number||Pt 11|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
- single-stranded DNA-binding protein
- Aquifex aeolicus
- DNA replication