CMOS Electrochemical Imaging Arrays

Chandrasekaran Gunasekaran, Matthew Donora, Ian Underwood, Anthony Walton, Ugne Mitrikeviciute, Andrew Mount, Andrew J Wain, Fernando Castro

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Abstract: Energy conversion devices make use of thin films and functional materials that exhibit microscopic spatial heterogeneity in their efficiency. The relationship between the distribution of such irregularities and their impact on device performance is not well understood. Hence there is a requirement to map the electrochemical activity in a range of thin films and functional materials. This is termed “electrochemical imaging” [1]. This need is presently addressed by high resolution electrochemical current mapping techniques. One such approach is the use of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) [2]. However high‐resolution mapping techniques (example: SECM) are slow (order of minutes) over a wider area (~cm2 scale). Hence there is a need to do 2D spatial electrochemical activity mapping at a faster rate (~μs/ms) than those obtained from the conventional techniques. A potential solution is the CMOS active‐matrix electrochemical imager – an integrated circuit whose high‐level architecture is similar to that of an CMOS optical imager but whose optically sensitive element (photodiode) is replaced by an electrochemically sensitive element (a working electrode (WE)). This is an interdisciplinary project between Schools of Chemistry and Engineering, in collaboration with NPL to develop an electrochemical array imaging sensor. The main aim is to produce an integrated sensor system with active matrix read‐out capability for 2D electrochemical imaging. This has been achieved by the design and fabrication of micro‐electrode array with active CMOS circuits on a single silicon CMOS chip. The device would potentially be used as an imager, functionally similar to the existing scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) technology. As a result, the device will be a lab‐on‐a‐chip, allowing to get images of samples of interest within milli‐seconds/micro‐seconds rather than much longer times required for typical SECM images.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2019
Event2019 Scotland and North of England Electrochemistry Symposium - School of Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 9 Apr 2019 → …


Conference2019 Scotland and North of England Electrochemistry Symposium
Abbreviated titleButler Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Period9/04/19 → …
Internet address


Dive into the research topics of 'CMOS Electrochemical Imaging Arrays'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this