Collapse-resisting mechanisms of planar trusses following sudden member loss

Shen Yan, Xianzhong Zhao, Yong Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Progressive collapse incidents of truss structures are often reported; however, studies on the collapse resistance of truss structures are comparatively few. In order to investigate the collapse-resisting mechanisms of truss structures, this paper presents a comprehensive and detailed study on the collapse-resisting performance of planar trusses subjected to local damage at various locations, using both finite-element (FE) and analytical approaches. An improved FE analysis procedure is proposed to improve the computational efficiency. The main conclusions include the following: (1) in the case of a sudden loss of a top chord member or a diagonal member, catenary action will be the primary mechanism to provide the bridging-over capacity of the remaining structure, and severer damage can result when the removed member locates in the midspan; and (2) if a bottom chord member is suddenly lost, arch action will be the main mechanism to provide the bridging-over capacity of the remaining structure, and severer damage can result when the removed member locates next to the support or in the midspan
Original languageEnglish
Article number04017114
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering
Volume143
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2017

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