Combined deficiency of the Cnr1 and Cnr2 receptors protects against age-related bone loss by osteoclast inhibition

Antonia Sophocleous, Silvia Marino, Dilruba Kabir, Stuart H. Ralston, Aymen Idris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The endocannabinoid system plays a role in regulating bone mass and bone cell activity and that inactivation of the type 1 (Cnr1) or type 2 (Cnr2) cannabinoid receptors influences peak bone mass and age-related bone loss. Since the Cnr1 and Cnr2 receptors have limited homology and are activated by different ligands we have now evaluated the effects of combined deficiency of Cnr1 and 2 receptors (Cnr1/2-/-) on bone development from birth to adulthood and aged and ovariectomy mediated bone loss in female mice on the outbred CD1 background. The Cnr1/2-/- mice had accelerated bone accrual at birth, and by 3-months of age they had higher trabecular bone mass, and were significantly protected against ovariectomy-induced bone loss due to a reduction in osteoclast number. The Cnr1/2-/- mice also had reduced age-related bone loss when compared with wild type due to a reduction in osteoclast number. Although bone formation was reduced and bone marrow adiposity increased in Cnr1/2-/-, the osteoclast defect outweighed the reduction in bone formation causing preservation of bone mass with ageing. This contrasts with the situation previously reported in mice with inactivation of the Cnr1 or Cnr2 receptors individually where aged related bone loss was greater than in wild type. We conclude that the Cnr1 and Cnr2 receptors have overlapping but non-redundant roles in regulating osteoclast and osteoblast activity. These observations indicate that combined inhibition of Cnr1 and Cnr2 receptors may be beneficial in preventing age-related bone loss whereas blockade of individual receptors may be detrimental.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1051-1061
JournalAging Cell
Volume16
Issue number5
Early online date8 Jul 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Cannabinoid
  • Cnr1
  • Cnr2
  • bone
  • osteoclast
  • osteoblast
  • adipocyte
  • osteoporosis

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