Combined knockout of collecting duct endothelin A and B receptors causes hypertension and sodium retention

Yuqiang Ge, Alan Bagnall, Peter K. Stricklett, David Webb, Yuri Kotelevtsev, Donald E. Kohan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The collecting duct (CD) endothelin (ET) system regulates blood pressure (BP) and Na excretion. CD-specific knockout (KO) of ET-1 causes hypertension, CD-specific KO of the ETA receptor does not alter BP, while CD-specific KO of the ETB receptor increases BP to a lesser extent than CD ET-1 KO. These findings suggest a paracrine role for CD-derived ET-1; however, they do not exclude compensation for the loss of one ET receptor by the other. To examine this, mice with CD-specific KO of both ETA and ETB receptors were generated (CD ETA/B KO). CD ETA/B KO mice excreted less urinary Na than controls during acute or chronic Na loading. Urinary aldosterone excretion and plasma renin concentration were similar during Na intake and both fell comparably during Na loading. On a normal sodium diet, CD ETA/B KO mice had increased BP, which increased further with high salt intake. The degree of BP elevation during normal Na intake was similar to CD ET-1 KO mice and higher than CD ETB KO animals. During 1 wk of Na loading, CD ETA/B KO mice had higher BPs than CD ETB KO, while BP was less than CD ET-1 KOs until the latter days of Na loading. These studies suggest that 1) CD ETA/B deficiency causes salt-sensitive hypertension, 2) CD ETA/B KO-associated Na retention is associated with failure to suppress the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and 3) CD ETA and ETB receptors exerts a combined hypotensive effect that exceeds that of either receptor alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F1635-F1640
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume295
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

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