Comparative biochemical analysis of HIV-1 subtype B and C integrase enzymes

Tamara Bar-Magen, Richard D. Sloan, Verena H. Faltenbacher, Daniel A. Donahue, Björn D. Kuhl, Maureen Oliveira, Hongtao Xu, Mark A. Wainberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Background: Integrase inhibitors are currently being incorporated into highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Due to high HIV variability, integrase inhibitor efficacy must be evaluated against a range of integrase enzymes from different subtypes. Methods: This study compares the enzymatic activities of HIV-1 integrase from subtypes B and C as well as susceptibility to various integrase inhibitors in vitro. The catalytic activities of both enzymes were analyzed in regard to each of 3' processing and strand transfer activities both in the presence and absence of the integrase inhibitors raltegravir (RAL), elvitegravir (EVG), and MK-2048. Results: Our results show that integrase function is similar with enzymes of either subtype and that the various integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) that were employed possessed similar inhibitory activity against both enzymes. Conclusion: This suggests that the use of integrase inhibitors against HIV-1 subtype C will result in comparable outcomes to those obtained against subtype B infections.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2009


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