Comparative juvenile justice policy: The alliance between Scotland and the state of Massachusetts revisited

J McGhee, L Waterhouse

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This paper examines policy and practice developments in juvenile justice in Europe and the USA, Many jurisdictions have become increasingly concerned with the control of youth crime reflecting a shift in emphasis from welfare to justice approaches. Adult models of justice have come to the fore in the treatment of juveniles in a range of jurisdictions, separating them from children in need of care and protection. Scotland and the State of Massachusetts share a common history of research interests and approaches to dealing with juvenile offenders. The way these jurisdictions have adapted to the demand for public protection in the past decade is explored. It is argued that Scotland has retained a clear welfare focus whilst developments in Massachusetts are more varied. Massachusetts can be seen to offer the appearance of greater public protection by increasing the emphasis on punishment within a system that still deals with the majority of juveniles separately.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)967-985
Number of pages19
JournalChildren and youth services review
Issue number11-12
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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