Comparative Law Evaluation

Laura Macgregor, Danny Busch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


In this chapter we come to the heart of the matter, namely identifying common approaches, or the ‘common core’ of the rules on unauthorised agency. In addition, as set out in the introductory chapter, we highlight the areas where the common core is deficient. To the extent that the common core is lacking, we suggest which approach is preferable.

In part II we devote some attention to the nature and general effect of unauthorised agency. Afterwards, we turn to the main exceptions to the general effect of unauthorised agency: apparent authority (III) and ratification (IV). In part V a treatment of the liability of the falsus procurator is provided. Part VI contains a treatment of the interrelationship between apparent authority, ratification and the liability of the falsus procurator. Parts VII and VIII each elaborate on special cases which can be associated with unauthorised agency, namely, acting in the name of a principal yet to be named and acting in the name of a company yet to be incorporated.

Unauthorised agency
In the legal systems studied, unauthorised agency arises in a wide variety of cases. It arises when the agent concludes a contract in the name of the principal, but has no authority at all, when he exceeds his authority or when the agent's authority has ended at the time of the conclusion of the contract.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Unauthorised Agent
Subtitle of host publicationPerspectives from European and Comparative Law
EditorsDanny Busch, Laura Macgregor
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages53
ISBN (Electronic)9780511575914
ISBN (Print)9780521863889, 9781107411333
Publication statusPublished - 2009


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