Evaluating the interactions between offshore structures and extreme waves plays an essential role for securing the survivability of the structures. For this purpose, various numerical tools, e.g. the fully nonlinear potential theory (FNPT), the Navier-Stokes (NS) models and hybrid approaches combining different numerical models, have been developed and ultilised. However, there is still a great uncertainty over the required level of model fidelity when being applied to a wide range of wave-structure interaction problems. This paper aims to shed some light on this issue with a specific focus on the overall error sourced from wave generation/absorbing techniques and resolving the viscous and turbulent effects, by comparing the performances of three different models, including the quasi Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian Finite Element Method (QALE-FEM) based on the FNPT, an in-house two-phase NS model with large-eddy simulation(LES) and a hybrid model coupling the QALE-FEM with the OpenFOAM/InterDymFoam, in the cases with a fixed FPSO-like structure in extreme focusing waves. The relative errors of numerical models are defined against the experimental data, which are released after the numerical works have been completed (i.e. a blind test), in terms of the pressure and wave elevation. It provides a practical reference for not only choosing an appropriate model in practices but also on developing/optimizing numerical tools for more reliable and robust predications.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International journal of offshore and polar engineering|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2019|