Comparison of Doppler ultrasonic and oscillometric devices (with or without 2 proprietary optimizations) for non-invasive blood pressure measurement in conscious 3 cats

Petra Cerna, Panos E Archontakis, Hester O K Cheuk, Danielle Gunn-Moore

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

Abstract / Description of output

Objectives: This study compared Doppler and oscillometric (PetMAP+) devices (with or without proprietary optimizations) for the non-invasive measurement of blood pressure in conscious cats.Methods: Twenty-three cats were enrolled; however, five were excluded as fewer than five measurements were obtained for each assessment. All measurements were obtained according to American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) consensus guidelines. Oscillometric device modes A and B were operated according to manufacturer’s guidelines. Doppler and oscillometric devices were alternatingly used first.Results: Systolic arterial blood pressure (SAP) measurements were obtained by Doppler (SAPd) and oscillometry; the mean of each set of five values was used for statistical analysis. There was a significant difference between SAPd and SAP measurements on oscillometric mode A (p<0.001) and B (p<0.001). While both modes measured SAP higher than SAPd, B had a smaller bias (+15.72mmHg) and narrower limits of agreement. There was also a significant difference between SAPd and mean arterial pressure (MAP) on oscillometric modes A (p=0.002) and B (p<0.001). Both modes´ MAP readings were lower than SAPd, oscillometric A MAP was closer to SAPd (-14.94mmHg), with a smaller bias and narrower limits of agreement.Conclusions and relevance: The findings support that Doppler and oscillometric devices cannot be used interchangeably, with or without proprietary optimizations. Methodology should always be taken into account, and reference intervals need to be defined for the different methodologies. Until methodology-specific reference intervals are published, definitive diagnosis of hypertension and sub-staging of patients with kidney disease according to the IRIS guidelines remains challenging.
Original languageEnglish
Specialist publicationJournal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jun 2020

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