Comparison of non-traditional biomarkers, and combinations of biomarkers, for vascular risk prediction in people with type 2 diabetes: The Edinburgh Type 2 Diabetes Study

Anna H. Price, Christopher J Weir, Paul Welsh, Stela McLachlan, Mark W. J. Strachan, Naveed Sattar, Jacqueline Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective
To compare the impact of multiple non-traditional biomarkers (ankle brachial pressure index (ABI), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTnT), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and four markers of systemic inflammation), both individually and in combination, on cardiovascular risk prediction over and above traditional risk factors incorporated in the QRISK2 score in older people with type 2 diabetes.
Study design and setting
Prospective study of 1066 men and women aged 60-75 years with type 2 diabetes mellitus, living in Lothian, Scotland.
Results
After 8 years, 205 cardiovascular events occurred. Higher levels of hs-cTNT and NT-proBNP and lower ABI at baseline were associated with increased risk of CV events, independent of traditional risk factors (basic model). The C statistic of 0.722 (95% CI 0.681, 0.763) for the basic model increased on addition of individual biomarkers, most markedly for hs-cTnT (0.732; 0.690, 0.774)). Models including different combinations of biomarkers had even greater C statistics, with the highest for ABI, hs-cTnT and GGT combined (0.740; 0.699, 0.781).
Conclusions
Individually, hs-cTnT appeared to be the most promising biomarker in terms of improving vascular risk prediction in people with type 2 diabetes, over and above traditional risk factors incorporated in the QRISK2 score. Combining several non-traditional biomarkers added further predictive value and this approach merits further investigation when developing cost effective risk prediction tools for use in clinical practice.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume264
Early online date12 Jul 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

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