Experimental measurements are presented of the concentration dependence of the low-shear limit viscosity of nearly monodisperse polymethylmethacrylate spheres dispersed in cis-decalin, a system that models a suspension of hard spheres. The suspension volume fractions are calibrated with reference to the volume fraction at which the particles undergo the thermodynamic freezing transition to a colloidal crystal, providing accurate estimates of the volume fractions of concentrated suspensions. At the freezing volume fraction (phi(f) approximate to 0.50) we find the relative low-shear viscosity eta(r)(0) (low-shear viscosity normalized by the solvent viscosity) to be 53+/-6, compared with results from previous studies that vary from approximate to 20 to 400.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - May 1997|