Conceptual constraints on generating explanations

Zachary Horne, Sangeet Khemlani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

when reasoners explain everyday patterns and observations, they tend to generate explanations based on inherent properties of the observations (Cimpian & Salomon, 2014). Cimpian (2015) and his colleagues hypothesized that inherent properties permit rapid explanation, but the mechanism by which reasoners rapidly build explanations remains unclear. Any given concept may relate to innumerable inherent properties, and no theory explains how reasoners avoid protracted searches through semantic memory. Prasada and colleagues (2013) describe a novel conceptual framework that distinguishes between principled and statistical inherent properties. Here, we argue that the framework can resolve the predicted link between rapid explanation and the inherence bias. Two studies provide evidence that people systematically prefer principled inherent explanations. The finding allows for an integrated, mechanistic account of how reasoners generate explanations in which a preference for inherent explanations emerges from a preference for principled connections.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Place of PublicationAustin, TX
PublisherCognitive Science Society
Pages1815-1820
ISBN (Print)9780991196784
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event40th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society - Madison, United States
Duration: 25 Jul 201828 Jul 2018
http://www.cognitivesciencesociety.org/conference/cogsci-2018/

Conference

Conference40th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
Abbreviated titleCogSci 2018
CountryUnited States
CityMadison
Period25/07/1828/07/18
Internet address

Keywords

  • inherence bias
  • principled connections
  • explanation
  • reasoning
  • dual process

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