Despite the clear cost, ease of installation, and construction schedule advantages of confinement of concrete structural elements with fibre-reinforced polymers (FRPs) for strength and deformability enhancement, concerns as to their performance at elevated temperature, or in fire, remain. The results of a series of elevated temperature experiments on FRP and textile reinforced mortar (TRM) strengthening systems for confinement of circular concrete columns are presented. The behaviour and effectiveness of the respective confining systems is studied up to temperatures of 400°C. A total of 24 concrete cylinders were wrapped in the hoop direction with different amounts of FRP or TRM, heated to steady-state temperatures between 20 and 400°C, and loaded to failure in concentric axial compression under a steady-state thermal regime. The results indicate that the effectiveness of the FRP confining system bonded with epoxy decreased considerably, but did not vanish, with increasing temperatures, in particular within the region of the glass transition temperature of the epoxy resin/adhesive. Conversely, the TRM confining system, bonded with inorganic mortar rather than epoxy, demonstrated superior performance than the FRP confining system at 400°C as compared against tests performed at ambient temperature.