Concurrent Bacterial Stimulation Alters the Function of Helminth-Activated Dendritic Cells, Resulting in IL-17 Induction

Georgia Perona-Wright, Rachel J Lundie, Stephen J Jenkins, Lauren M Webb, Richard K Grencis, Andrew S Macdonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Infection with schistosome helminths is associated with granulomatous inflammation that forms around parasite eggs trapped in host tissues. In severe cases, the resulting fibrosis can lead to organ failure, portal hypertension, and fatal bleeding. Murine studies identified IL-17 as a critical mediator of this immunopathology, and mouse strains that produce high levels of IL-17 in response to schistosome infection show increased mortality. In this article, we demonstrate that schistosome-specific IL-17 induction by dendritic cells from low-pathology C57BL/6 mice is normally regulated by their concomitant induction of IL-10. Simultaneous stimulation of schistosome-exposed C57BL/6 dendritic cells with a heat-killed bacterium enabled these cells to overcome IL-10 regulation and induce IL-17, even in wild-type C57BL/6 recipients. This schistosome-specific IL-17 was dependent on IL-6 production by the copulsed dendritic cells. Coimmunization of C57BL/6 animals with bacterial and schistosome Ags also resulted in schistosome-specific IL-17, and this response was enhanced in the absence of IL-10-mediated immune regulation. Together, our data suggest that the balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines that determines the severity of pathology during schistosome infection can be influenced not only by host and parasite, but also by concurrent bacterial stimulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2350-2358
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Immunology
Issue number5
Early online date27 Jan 2012
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012


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