Confirmatory factor analysis of the three-factor structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire and Chapman schizotypy scales

Viviana M. Wuthrich, Timothy C. Bates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We examined the factor structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ; Raine, 199 1), using confirmatory factor analysis in 3 experiments, with an aim to better understand the construct of schizotypy. In Experiment 1 we tested the fit of 2-, 3-, and 4-factor models on SPQ data from a normal sample. The paranoid 4-factor model fit the data best but not adequately. Based on the strong basis for the Raine 3-factor model we attempted to improve the fit of the 3-factor model by making 3 modifications to the Raine model. These modifications produced a well-fitting model. In Experiment 2 the good fit of this modified 2-factor model to SPQ scores was replicated in an independent normal sample. In Experiment 3, the modified 3-factor model was successfully extended to include the 3 Chapman schizotypy scales. Together these 3 experiments indicate that the 3-factor model of the SPQ, albeit with some slight modifications, is a good model for schizotypy structure that is not restricted to 1 measure of schizotypal personality traits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-304
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of personality assessment
Volume87
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Keywords

  • HIGH-RISK PROJECT
  • LATENT STRUCTURE
  • SCHIZOPHRENIA
  • SYMPTOMS
  • POPULATION
  • ANHEDONIA
  • PSYCHOSIS
  • TRAITS
  • MODELS
  • PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

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