Consensus building in citizen science through on-line collaboration

Nirwan Sharma, Advaith Siddhartan, Rene' Van der Val, Laura Colucci-Gray

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A number of initiatives invite members of the public to perform online classification tasks such as identifying objects in images. These tasks are crucial to numerous large-scale Citizen Science projects in different disciplines, with volunteers using their knowledge and online support tools to, for example, identify species of wildlife or classify galaxies by their shapes. However, for complex classification tasks, such as this case study on identifying species of bumblebee, reaching an agreement between volunteers - or even between experts~-~may require consensus-building processes. Collaboration and teamwork approaches to problem solving and decision-making have been widely documented to improve both task performance and user learning in the real world. Most of these processes and projects are mediated online through feedback delivered in an asynchronous manner, and this article thus addresses a central research question: How do participants involved in species identification tasks respond to different forms of feedback provided in online collaboration, designed to support peer-learning and improve task performance? We tested four different approaches to feedback within a collaboration task, where participants reviewed their previously annotated data based on information curated from their peers on a long running online citizen science initiative. The selected interfaces have a strong foundation in social science and psychology literature and can be applied to citizen science practices as well as other online communities. Results showed that while all four approaches increased accuracy, there were differences based on the types of consensus that existed before collaboration. Such differences highlight the usefulness of different forms of feedback during collaboration for increasing data accuracy of identification and furthering users' expertise on identification tasks. We found that anonymised and goal-directed free text comments posted on social learning interfaces were most effective in improving data accuracy as well as creating opportunities for peer-learning, particularly where the species identification task was more difficult. This study has significant implications for extending the practice of citizen science across formal and informal learning environments and reaching out to a variety of users.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction
PublisherACM
Pages1-26
Number of pages26
Volume6
EditionCSCW2
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Nov 2022
EventCSCW -The 25th ACM Conference On Computer-
Supported Cooperative Work And Social Computing
- Taipei, Taiwan
Duration: 12 Dec 202216 Dec 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Volume6
ISSN (Electronic)2573-0142

Conference

ConferenceCSCW -The 25th ACM Conference On Computer-
Supported Cooperative Work And Social Computing
Period12/12/2216/12/22

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