Contested Waters: The Sub-National Scale of Water and Conflict in Pakistan.

Daanish Mustafa, Giovanna Gioli, Milan Karner, Imran Khan

Research output: Book/ReportBook


Based on interviews with decision makers and communi- ties at the provincial, municipal, and village watercourse levels, this report reviews the evidence for water-related conflict at local, provincial, and interprovincial scales in Pakistan. It shows how water—a precious, unique, and finite resource—is not only contested in itself but also drafted as a weapon in conflicts over caste, ethnicity, and political allegiance. It explores competition for water between upstream and downstream provinces, controversy over large dam projects, conflict between fishing and farming communities in a degraded water environment, and conflicts related to irrigation and flooding. It also suggests technical, institutional, and political changes that could help negotiate Pakistan’s water-related conflicts and promote a more inclusive and sustainable development path.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherUnited Stated Institute for Peace USIP
ISBN (Print)978-1-60127-649-0
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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