Contribution of local regeneration of glucocorticoids to tissue steroid pools

Shazia Khan, Dawn E. W Livingstone, Agnieszka Zielinska, Craig L Doig, Diego F Cobice, Cristina L Esteves, Janet Tak Yun Man, Natalie Z.M. Homer, Jonathan R Seckl, C.Logan Mackay, Scott P Webster, Gareth G Lavery, Karen E Chapman, Brian R Walker, Ruth Andrew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (11βHSD1) is a drug target to attenuate adverse effects of chronic glucocorticoid excess. It catalyses intracellular regeneration of active glucocorticoids in tissues including brain, liver and adipose tissue (coupled to hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, H6PDH). 11βHSD1 activity in individual tissues is thought to contribute significantly to glucocorticoid levels at those sites, but its local contribution versus glucocorticoid delivery via the circulation is unknown. Here, we hypothesised that hepatic 11βHSD1 would contribute significantly to the circulating pool. This was studied in mice with Cre-mediated disruption of Hsd11b1 in liver (Alac-Cre) versus adipose tissue (aP2-Cre) or whole-body disruption of H6pdh. Regeneration of [9,12,12-2 46 H3]-cortisol (d3F) from [9,12,12-2 47 H3]-cortisone (d3E), measuring 11βHSD1 reductase activity was assessed at steady state following infusion of [9,11,12,12-2 48 H4]-cortisol (d4F) in male mice. Concentrations of steroids in plasma and amounts in liver, adipose tissue and brain were measured using mass spectrometry interfaced with matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation or liquid chromatography. Amounts of d3F were higher in liver, compared with brain and adipose tissue. Rates of appearance of d3F were ~6-fold slower in H6pdh-/- 52 mice, showing the importance of whole-body 11βHSD1 reductase activity. Disruption of liver 11βHSD1 reduced amounts of d3F in liver (by ~36%), without changes elsewhere. In contrast disruption of 11βHSD1 in adipose tissue reduced rates of appearance of circulating d3F (by ~67%) and also reduced regeneration of d3F in liver and brain (both by ~30%). Thus, the contribution of hepatic 11βHSD1 to circulating glucocorticoid levels and amounts in other tissues is less than that of adipose tissue.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Early online date1 Jun 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jun 2023


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