Contribution of the M-3 muscarinic receptors to the vasodilator response to acetylcholine in the human forearm vascular bed

Teresa M. Attina, James J. Oliver, Lorenzo S. Malatino, David J. Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIMS

Acetylcholine (ACh) is a muscarinic agonist that causes receptor-mediated, endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in the forearm vasculature. Previous indirect evidence suggests this effect may be mediated by muscarinic M-3 receptors. Darifenacin is a recently developed antimuscarinic drug with greater M-3 selectivity, and our main objective was to investigate whether darifenacin affects dose-dependent vasodilatation to ACh in the forearm circulation.

METHODS

Healthy subjects were enrolled in two studies designed to assess the effects of atropine and darifenacin on the forearm blood flow (FBF) response to ACh.

RESULTS

In both studies ACh caused similar dose-dependent vasoditation in the forearm vasculature. In study I (5 subjects), the FBF response to ACh was largely attenuated by pretreatment with the nonselective muscarinic antagonist atropine. In study II (10 subjects), oral administration of darifenacin 15 mg for 1 week significantly reduced the FBF dose-dependent response to ACh 20 mu g min(-1) {mean difference from placebo 5.8 [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.1, 8.7] ml min(-1) per 100 ml of forearm volume, P < 0.001} and to ACh 60 mu g min(-1) [mean difference from placebo 5.9 (95% CI 3.1, 8.7) ml min(-1) per 100 ml of forearm volume, P < 0.001]. After darifenacin, the AUC of change in FBF from baseline was reduced by almost 50% compared with placebo.

CONCLUSIONS

These results suggest that, in the forearm vasculature, muscarinic M-3 receptors play a major role in ACh-induced endothelium-mediated vasodilatation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-303
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Contribution of the M-3 muscarinic receptors to the vasodilator response to acetylcholine in the human forearm vascular bed'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this