Using a thermal-lattice Boltzmann model, we examine the rich phase behavior that develops when partially miscible fluids evolve in the presence of a vertical temperature gradient, which encompasses the critical temperature T-c of the mixture. In particular, a binary AB fluid is confined between two plates in a gravitational field. The upper plate is fixed below T-c and hence, the nearby fluid phase separates into A-rich and B-rich domains. The lower plate is fixed above the temperature T-c, and the surrounding fluid is in the homogeneous phase. A coupling between convection (driven by the temperature gradient) and phase separation gives rise to unique pattern formation. A number of regimes are identified: regularly spaced stripes, convective steady-state columns, the periodic disturbance of these columns, and finally, chaotic dripping from the upper surface. These results highlight dynamical behavior in partially miscible mixtures.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2005|