Convective rolls and hydrothermal waves in evaporating sessile drops

George Karapetsas, Prashant Valluri, Khellil Sefiane, Omar Matar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We examine the dynamics of a sessile droplet sitting on a uniformly heated solid, undergoing evaporation. We use a finite element formulation to solve the axisymmetric time-dependent problem and perform a linear stability analysis taking into account 3D perturbations around this base-state. Our numerical results show that the temperature gradients, which are a natural consequence of the evaporation process, give rise to instabilities including the presence of hydrothermal waves in close agreement with previous experimental observation. We discuss the mechanisms which give rise to these instabilities.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAPS/DFD Fall Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

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