Correcting Astrophysical Noise in HARPS-N RV Measurements

Sara Gettel, Francesco Pepe, Andrew Collier Cameron, David Latham, Emilio Molinari, Stephane Udry, David Charbonneau, Mercedes Lopez-Morales, Christophe Lovis, G. Micela, David Philips, G. Piotto, D. Pollacco, Didier Queloz, K. Rice, Dimitar Sasselov, D. Segrasan, Alessandro Sozzetti, A. Szentgyorgyi, Michel Mayor[No Value] Harps-N Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Radial velocity instrumental precision has improved to the degree that measurements are now limited in part by the noise intrinsic to the host star, or stellar 'jitter'. Several different phenomena contribute to the observed jitter, including pressure waves, granulation, magnetic features caused by stellar activity, and solar-like magnetic cycles. The amplitude of these effects ranges from 10 to 400 cm/s, depending on stellar type, and pose a significant limitation to detecting Earth analogues. We carry out a survey of bright, quiet stars with the new HARPS-N instrument, an ultra-stabilized R=115,000 cross-dispersed spectrograph located on the 3.6m Telescopio Nazionale Galileo on the island of La Palma. We look for correlations between these radial velocity measurements and known activity indicators, including line bisector measurements and the CaII index. We will correct for the presence of starspots by locating and removing quasi-periodic signals consistent with stellar rotation rate. We also investigate new correlations between radial velocity measurements and other observables, including variations in line depth ratios. By correcting for these combined effects, we can improve the radial velocity precision, enabling the detection of low-mass planets.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2013
EventProtostars and Planets VI - Heidelberg, Germany
Duration: 15 Jul 201320 Jul 2013

Conference

ConferenceProtostars and Planets VI
CountryGermany
CityHeidelberg
Period15/07/1320/07/13

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