Corruption as distinct crime: The need to reconceptualise internal control on controlling bureaucratic occupational fraud

Ach Maulidi*, Jake Ansell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical guidance that enables local governments to deal with occupational fraud.

Design/methodology/approach: The quantitative approach is used to examine the efficacy of the Committee of Sponsoring Organisations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) internal control framework in tackling occupational fraud in local government. To achieve the goals, the authors performed a survey of the Indonesian auditor institutions. 

Findings: It is not appropriate to argue that all types of local government fraud can be deterred by a single internal control. The study suggests that COSO internal controls are not effective for dealing with corruption cases. However, the authors do find the efficacy of those controls are obvious for controlling asset misappropriation and financial statement fraud. This result indicates that if the COSO internal control framework is only designed for routine financial control and asset protection, it significantly and negatively influences its efficacy to deal with occupational fraud. This study has both theoretical and managerial implications, discussed separately. 

Originality/value: In the field of prevention, the authors cannot make generalised theories and approaches for dealing with occupational fraud. Whilst previous authors have offered fraud deterrents in terms of internal controls, they have failed to realise the need to understand their effectiveness for particular forms of fraud. This paper sheds light on the effectiveness of internal controls in achieving their goals. This has both practical applications and stimulates theoretical insights.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Financial Crime
Early online date27 Jul 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Jul 2021

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • COSO
  • fraud deterrent
  • internal control
  • local government
  • occupational fraud


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