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Abstract / Description of output
The hydraulic model calculates the flow through a door constriction for a unidirectional flow of people primarily based on physical constraints. The method requires the physical door opening width to be reduced by a boundary layer adjustment to determine the effective width. However, the hydraulic model does not provide any guidance on what the flow might be when there is a counterflow condition. One option might be to simply represent counterflow with an equivalent half-door opening effective width.This paper compares the results from two agent-based, computational evacuation tools (Pathfinder and Evacuationz) to assess counterflow against the hydraulic model and data collected from people movement trials. The trials consisted of around 90 people travelling through an open doorway to generate unidirectional and counterflow scenarios. The trials also investigated how group identity might affect the counterflow measurements by gathering data when such identity was present or absent. Results suggest that the flow through the doorway in a given direction under counterflow conditions is greater than assuming half of the unidirectional flow. There appears to be an effect when in-group psychological behaviour is introduced such that the flow can show an overall increase when compared to having random groups. However, should participants interact then the in-group counterflow also exhibits a greater variability.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 6th Fire and Evacuation Modelling Technical Conference 2022|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 14 Sept 2022|
|Event||FEMTC 2022 - Czech Republic, Brno|
Duration: 12 Sept 2022 → 14 Sept 2022
|Abbreviated title||FEMTC 2022|
|Period||12/09/22 → 14/09/22|
Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)
- computational evacuation
- evacuation model
- multi-occupancy high-rise fire
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- 1 Finished
23/11/20 → 22/11/22